The National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan, also known as KazCosmos, or KazKosmos, is Kazakhstan's national space agency operating 3 satellites in orbit.
KazCosmos and was officially established on March 27, 2007. The previous year, on June 18, 2006, the communications satellite KazSat-1 was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome launch site, marking the beginning of Kazakhstan's independent space program. The KazSat-2 satellite experienced a series of delays, but was launched on July 16th, 2011 aboard of a ILS' Proton rocket. KazSat-2 was built by Krunichev and Thales Alenia Space Italy. KazCosmos signed also the contract with ISS-Reshetnev and Thales Alenia Space Italy on June 21, 2011 for their third telecommunications satellite, named KazSat-3.
KazSat-1, the first Kazakh space satellite, was launched on June 17, 2006 by Proton-K rocket. Containing 12 Ku-band transponders (each 72 MHz), KazSat was a communications satellite planned to occupy a geosynchronous orbit approximately 36,000km above the Earth. It was manufactured by Khrunichev Space Center in cooperation with Thales Alenia Space. Kazsat-1 failed to respond to commands in June 2008 and was lost after only two years in orbit.
KazSat-2 is the second Kazakh space satellite after KazSat-1. It was launched on 15 July 2011 by Proton rocket. This satellite was built by Krunichev Center for the Spacecraft and Thales Alenia Space for the Payload. Thales Alenia Space is also the provider of KazSat-1 and KazSat-3 payloads.
KazSat-3 was launched 28 April 2014 at 10:25 GMT Astana Time from Cosmodrome Baikonur in Kazakhstan with a Proton-M carrier rocket. KazSat-3 is designed for services of telecommunications, television broadcasting and high-speed Internet access in Kazakhstan and neighboring countries. The spacecraft is developed and produced under the contract with the Republican Centre of Space Communication within the project of creating a republican national telecommunications and broadcasting space system.