SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation


Japan based SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation (JSAT) is the leading satellite operator in the Asia-Pacific region with a current fleet of over the 16 satellites in orbit. In 2004 JSAT was the fifth largest satellite operator in the world, ranked by 2003 fiscal year revenue. JSAT was the first private-sector satellite communications operator in Japan, beginning its operations following the enactment of Japan's Telecommunications Business Law in 1985.

In October 2008 JSAT merged with SKY Perfect Communications, Inc., and Space Communications Corporation. As a result in the SKY Perfect JSAT Group was formed. The company offers a wide range of services including video distribution, data transfer communications and back-up service capabilities in Asia, Russia, Oceania, Middle East and North America. They also operate the largest Direct-to-Home satellite broadcasting platform, “SKY PerfecTV!”, which provides over 350 channels to around 3.8 million households in Japan.


History

In 1985 the Japanese Communications Satellite Company was created by Hughes, Mitsui, and C Itoh as a commercial alternative to the Government controlled CS and BS satellites for the full range of telecommunications services (Hughes later left the consortium). In March, 1989 and January, 1990, JCSAT 1 and JCSAT 2 were launched by Ariane and Titan 3 boosters, respectively. Both spacecraft are identical and based on the Hughes HS-393 platform. These 1.4-metric-ton spin-stabilized spacecraft are 3.7m in diameter and 10m tall when the solar array skirt is extended. The communications payload consists of 40 14/12 GHz transponders (including eight spares), working through a single 2.4m antenna. The JCSAT spacecraft are deployed at 150° E (next to ETS V) and 154° E and were designed to operate for at least ten years.

The first Japanese Commercial Communications satellite was launched by Arianespace with an Ariane 44 LP booster on March 6th, 1989. Privately owned and operated by JSAT, a joint venture between Hughes Space and Communications Group, C. Itoh & Co. Ltd, and Mitsui & Co, Ltd, it provided Japanese businesses with telephone, TV, facsimile and data services.

In 2001 JSAT formed the joint venture Horizons Satellite with US-based PanAmSat to launch a new Ku-band satellite (Horizons-1) at 74° W longitude to satisfy the growing demand in the US market. The joint venture was created for the launch of Horizons-1 satellite and was later on renewed for Horizons-2. The high-powered satellites would support everything from digital video, high-definition television (HDTV) and IP-based content distribution networks to broadband Internet and satellite newsgathering services (SNG).

In August 2005 PanAmSat was sold to its archrival Intelsat for 4.3 billion USD creating world's largest satellite operator with over 50 satellites in orbit serving over 220 countries. In 2008 SKY Perfect Communications, Inc. merged with JSAT and the joint venture was kept in place.

SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation announced June 12th, 2013 that it had entered into an agreement with satellite manufacturer Space Systems/Loral (SSL) for the construction of its new satellite JCSAT-14. This new communications satellite was scheduled to be launched during the second half of 2015. JCSAT-14 would succeed and replace JCSAT-2A in the orbital position of 154° E Longitude.

The planned satellites, JCSAT-15 and JCSAT-16, also built by Space Systems/Loral (SSL) would be used by SKY Perfect JSAT to meet the growing demand for telecommunications infrastructure in the Asia Pacific region. The two satellites were designed to be used for services such as video distribution; data transfer communications and back up service capabilities in Japan and neighboring regions. They both operate in Ku-band and provide switching for flexibility. JCSAT-15 is a 10kW satellite which is currently located at 110° E longitude where it replaces the N-SAT110 satellite currently on orbit.

JCSAT-16 is an 8.5kW satellite, which was designed to be used at a broad range of orbital locations. When launched it will ensure continuous service and it will be available as a back up to the existing fleet. JCSAT-15 and 16 are both based on the highly reliable SSL 1300 satellite platform that provides the flexibility for a broad range of applications and technology advances. Both satellites were scheduled for launch in 2016 performed by Arianespace (JCSAT-15) and SpaceX (JCSAT-16) launch operators, the satellites are designed to deliver service for 15 years or longer.

Almost 2 years after the US Export-Import Bank’s six-month shutdown scuttled Boeing’s sale of a satellite to start-up company Kacific Broadband Satellites has finalized its order for a high-throughput platform Kacific announced that their first satellite, Kacific-1, will be jointly owned by Sky Perfect JSAT Corporation and Kacific Broadband Satellites. The spacecraft will be branded as JCSAT-18/Kacific-1.


The Export–Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im Bank) is the official export credit agency (ECA) of the United States federal government. Operating as a wholly owned federal government corporation, the Bank provides financial assistance to US firms that export their products abroad. Despite a multi-billion dollar portfolio, Ex-Im plays a role in less than 1% of US exports and nearly half of its largesse goes to Boeing alone in most years. In fact, Ex-Im’s nickname around Washington is ‘The Bank of Boeing.’

Typically, more than 80% of its business goes to a literal top-ten list of beneficiaries, also including GE, Caterpillar and other large firms, which have invested in political connections. This is in direct violation of Ex-Im’s charter, which requires it to give at least 20% of the dollar-value of its business to smaller firms.

Ex-Im’s charter has to be renewed by US Congress every few years, which is why the agency was able to be shuttered for a bit in the first place. Congress eventually passed a new Ex-Im charter, so it will remain open until at least 2019, unless Congress decides otherwise.


In May 2016 SKY Perfect JSAT signed an agreement with US-based LeoSat Enterprises to invest in the latter, which seeks to provide the first commercially available, extremely high-speed and secure data service through the use of Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites.
LeoSat aspires to be the first company to have a constellation of 108 High Throughput Satellites (HTS) interconnected through laser links in LEO. This will provide high-speed data delivery to sectors such as government and the maritime industry, especially in remote areas where satellite communications are a necessity.

In March 2018 SKY Perfect JSAT signed an agreement with Blue Origin launch company for future use of its launch vehicle, The New Glenn. Blue Origin was founded in 2000 by Amazon.com founder, Jeff Bezos.


All trademarks, logos and images mentioned and showed on this page are property of their respective owners.


Resources:

www.wikipedia.org
www.skyperfectjsat.co.jp
www.sptvjsat.com
www.jsat.net
www.jsati.com
www.horizonsat.com
www.intelsat.com
www.globalsercurity.org
www.satbeams.com
www.spacetechasia.com  edition May 16th, 2016 



Satellites 

JCSAT-1B

Oribital Poition: 150° E (inclined)
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 12 Feb 1997
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44P
Expected lifetime: 12 years

Superbird-3

Oribital Poition: 128° E
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 28 July 1997
Launch Operator: Lockheed Martin (United Launch Alliance - ULA)
Launch vehicle: Atlas IIAS
Expected lifetime: 10 years

JCSAT-6

Oribital Poition: 82° E
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 16 Feb 1999
Launch Operator: Lockheed Martin (United Launch Alliance - ULA)
Launch vehicle: Atlas II-AS
Expected lifetime: 12 years

Superbird-B2

Oribital Poition: 162° E
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 18 Feb 2000
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 10 years

Note: Satellite will be replaced by Superbird-8 

JCSAT-110 (N-Sat 110)

Oribital Poition: 110° E
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin Space Systems
Launch date: 07 Oct 2000
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 15 years

JCSAT-2A

Oribital Poition: 154° E
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 29 March 2002
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 11 years

Note: JCSAT-2A has been replaced by JCSAT-14, launched on May 6th 2016.
 

N-Star c (N-Star3)

Oribital Poition: 136° E
Manufacturer: Orbital Science Corp. (Orbital ATK, Inc)
Launch date: 06 July 2002
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5GS
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Horizons-1 (Galaxy XIII, Linkstar-4, Galaxy-13)
 
Oribital Poition: 127° E
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 01 Oct 2003
Launch Operator: Sea Launch A.G.
Launch vehicle: Zenit 3SL
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Horizons-1 is owned and operated by Horizons, a SkyPerfect JSAT and Intelsat joint venture. SkyPerfect JSAT markets the Ku-capacity through its US subsidiary, JSAT International.
 

JCSAT-5A (N-Star d, JCSAT-9)

Oribital Poition: 132° E
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin Space Systems
Launch date: 13 April 2006
Launch Operator: Sea Launch A.G.
Launch vehicle: Zenit 3SL
Expected lifetime: 12 years

JCSAT-3A

Oribital Poition: 150° E (inclined)
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin Space Systems
Launch date: 12 Aug 2006
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Horizons-2

Oribital Poition: 85° E
Manufacturer: Orbital Science Corp. (Orbital ATK, Inc)
Launch date: 22 Dec 2007
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5GS
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Horizons-2 is owned and operated by Horizons, a SkyPerfect JSAT and Intelsat joint venture. SkyPerfect JSAT markets the Ku-capacity through its US subsidiary, JSAT International.

Youtube: Watch the Horizons-2 satellite launch!

 

Superbird-C2

Oribital Poition: 144° E
Manufacturer: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO)
Launch date: 14 Aug 2008
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15+ years

JCSAT-RA (JCSAT-12)

Oribital Poition: in orbit back-up
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin Space Systems
Launch date: 22 Aug 2009
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5
Expected lifetime: 15 years

JCSAT-85 (Intelsat-15, IS-15)

Oribital Poition: 85° E
Manufacturer: Orbital Science Corp. (Orbital ATK, Inc)
Launch date: 01 Dec 2009
Launch Operator: Space International services - SIS (Land Launch)
Launch vehicle: Zenit 3SLB
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Satellite is operated by Intelsat and marketed by Sky Perfect JCSAT as JCSAT-85
 

JCSAT-110R (BSAT-3C)

Oribital Poition: 110° E
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin Space Systems
Launch date: 07 Aug 2011
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 16 years

Youtube: Watch the JCSAT-110R satellite launch!

JCSAT-4B (JCSAT-13)

Oribital Poition: 124° E
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin Space Systems
Launch date: 16 May 2012
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Youtube: Watch the JCSAT-13 satellite launch!

JCSAT-14

Oribital Position: 154° E
Manufacturer: Space Systems /Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 06 May 2016
Launch Operator: SpaceX
Launch vehicle: Falcon 9
Expected lifetime: 15+ years

Note: JCSAT-14 replaces JCSAT-2A that will be EOL.

YouTube: Please watch the JCSAT-14 satellite launch performed by SpaceX.

JCSAT-16

Oribital Poition: 0° E
Manufacturer: Space Systems /Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 14-Aug-16
Launch Operator: SpaceX
Launch vehicle: Falcon 9
Expected lifetime: 15+ years

YouTube: Please watch the video of SpaceX launching the JCSAT-16 satellite and bringing back their Falcon 9 rocket on a droneship!

JCSAT-15

Oribital Poition: 110° E
Manufacturer: Space Systems /Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 21 Dec 2016
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15+ years

Note: Arianespace performed a heavy lift with the Ariane 5 for a dual launch of the JCSAT-15 and the Star One D1 satellite of Embratel satellite operator.

YouTube: Watch the JCSAT-15 satellite launch by Arianespace! 

Superbird-8 (DSN-1)

Oribital Poition: 162° E
Manufacturer: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO)
Launch date: 05 Apr 2018
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Satellite will replace Superbird-B2 that become EOL. The dual-use satellite, the Superbird-8 payload is composed of high-performance Ku- and Ka-band transponders and will provide satellite communications services mainly in the Japanese market.

Note: The DSN-1 (X-Band Defense Communications Satellite-1) payload is associated with the Program to Upgrade and Operate X-Band Satellite Communications Function, for which the DSN Corporation (a subsidiary of SKY Perfect JSAT) has concluded a program contract with Japan's Ministry of Defense.

Youtube: Watch the SKY Perfect JSAT Superbird-8/DSN-1 launch conducted by Arianespace

JCSAT-17

Oribital Poition: 110° E
Manufacturer: Lockheed Martin Space Systems
Launch date: 31-Dec-2019 (estimated)
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: TBD
Expected lifetime: 15+ years

JCSAT-18 (Kacific-1a)

Oribital Position: xx° E
Manufacturer: Boeing Commercial Satellite Systems (BCSS)
Launch date: 31-Dec-2019 (esitmated)
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected life time: 15+ years

Note: Satellite is jointly owned by Kacific Broadband Satellites

Horizons-3e

Oribital Poition: 169° E
Manufacturer: Boeing Commercial Satellite Systems (BCSS)
Launch date: 21 Sept 2018
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane V
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Horizons-3e will be owned and operated by Horizons, a SKY Perfect JSAT and Intelsat joint venture and will replace Intelsat-805. Launch operator Arianespace is orbiting the satellite in a dual launch with Azespace-2/Intelsat-38 for Azercosmos and Intelsat satellite operators.