Telesat is a satellite operator based in Canada. The company is headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario. It has offices in the United States, Brazil and the UK.
Telesat was founded on May 2nd, 1969. In 1972 Telesat launched the Anik-A1 as the world's first series of domestic communications satellites in geostationary orbit. The satellite was retired from use in 1981 and moved into an orbital graveyard. The Anik-A2 in 1973, Anik-A3 in 1975, Anik-B in 1978, Anik-D1 in 1982 which was decommissioned in 1995, Anik-C3 in 1982, Anik-C2 in 1983 which was sold to Paracom S.A. in 1993, Anik-D2 in 1984 which was sold to GE-Americom in 1991 and Arabsat in 1993, Anik-C1 in 1985 which was also sold to GE-Americom 1993 and decommissioned in 2003, Anik-E1 and E2 in 1991 and the MSAT in 1999.
In 1981 Telesat co-located two satellites in a single orbital slot, for the first time in history. This is now a widely used inductry practice. In 1982 Anik-E1 was launched and the Anik-E2 in 1987.
In 1996 Telesat was the first to provide internet access to ISP's over satellite.
On October 5th, 2007 Loral Space & Communications Inc. and the Public Pension Investment Board of Canada received the final regulatory approval necessary to complete the acquisition of Telesat from BCE Inc. for CAD$ 3.25 billion. The acquisition closed on October 31, 2007, with Loral owning 64% of Telesat.
At the same time, Telesat Canada merged with Loral Skynet, a subsidiary of Loral Space & Communications. Loral Skynet was a full-service global satellite operator headquartered in Bedminster, New Jersey, USA. The merge resulted in the transfer of all of the assets of Loral Skynet to Telesat.
The company is now the fourth-largest fixed satellite services provider in the world. It owns a fleet of 13 satellites, has one other satellite under construction, and operates 13 additional satellites for other entities.
Telesat carries Canada's two major DBS providers signals: Bell TV and Shaw Direct, as well as more than 200 of Canada's television channels.
Telesat's Anik-F2 carries a 'Spot Beam' Ka-band payload for satellite Internet access for users in the United States and Canada. The Ka-band system uses 'Spot Beams' to manage bandwidth concerns, linking to multiple satellite ground stations connected to the Internet.
Loral Skynet provided a wide range of video and data transmission services. It became a subsidiary of Loral Space & Communications when Loral acquired it in 1997 from AT&T Corporation.
Skynet’s fleet consisted of Telstar-11N, -12, -14R (Estrela do Sul 2) and Telstar-18. In 2003, Skynet sold its North American satellite fleet (Telstar-5 through -8 and -13) to Intelsat; they were renamed in Intelsat Americas 5–8 and 13. This was done to help reduce debt after its parent, Loral Space & Communications, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on July 15th, 2003. As part of the agreement, Skynet was precluded from competing in the North American market until March 18th, 2006. In June 2007, Loral Space & Communications made an unsuccessful bid to acquire Intelsat.
On December 18th, 2006, Loral Space & Communications announced that it, along with Canada's Public Sector Pension Investment Board (PSP Investments), would acquire Telesat for US$2.8b.
On November 17th, 2010: Telesat Holdings Inc. hired JPMorgan Chase & Co., Morgan Stanley and Credit Suisse Group AG to start a formal sales process and offer so-called staple financing to interest buyers for 6 billion to 7 billion USD.
Telesat launched various satellites: Anik-A1 in 1972, Anik-A2 in 1973, Anik-A3 in 1975, Anik-B in 1978, Anik-D1 in 1982 which was decommissioned in 1995, Anik-C3 in 1982, Anik-C2 in 1983 which was sold to Paracom S.A. in 1993, Anik-D2 in 1984 which was sold to GE-Americom in 1991 and Arabsat in 1993, Anik-C1 in 1985 which was also sold to GE-Americom 1993 and decommissioned in 2003, Anik-E1 and E2 in 1991 and the MSAT in 1999.
Telesat is also operating the Nimiq-series satellites, the DTH satellites that are serving customers in the USA and Canada. The Nimiq-1, -2, -4, -5 and -6 are located at 82° to 91° W.