Telesat

Telesat is world’s fourth-largest satellite operator and is headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario in Canada. The company was founded in 1969 and has offices in the USA, Brazil and the UK. Telesat was originally jointly owned by the federal government and the Canadian telecommunications consortium, Stentor Canadian Network Management. In 1992, the federal government sold its stake in Telesat Canada to Alouette Telecommunications, Ltd., a company jointly owned by Stentor, including Bell, and Spar Aerospace. Bell completed the acquisition of Telesat in 1998, when it acquired 100% ownership of Telesat. Telesat owns a fleet of 14 satellites and operates 13 additional satellites for other entities.



History

Telesat began as Telesat Canada, a Canadian state owned enterprise created by an Act of Parliament in 1969. Telesat launched Anik A1 in 1972 as the world's first domestic communications satellite in geostationary orbit, operated by a commercial company. The satellite was retired and became EOL in 1981 and was moved to an orbital graveyard. In 1982 Anik-E1 was launched and the Anik-E2 in 1987.

As cable operators began to expand their systems, they also began to look for more signals to offer their customers. Microwave systems were limited in distance capability, and in the number of signals carried.

In 1975, the U.S. began its first pay TV service, Home Box Office (HBO), years before pay TV was approved in Canada. HBO moved to satellite distribution a year later, and quickly became a tempting alternative for Canadians with satellite dishes.

In Canada, satellite television distribution to cable operators began in 1979 when CBC started satellite distribution of Canada's Parliamentary channel to 15 cable operators, for distribution on local cable systems.

Telesat Canada expanded in 1980 with a new series of satellites. Anik B was the world's first dual-band domestic communications satellite operating in both C-band and the new higher-powered Ku-band, (14/12 GHz.) known as Direct-to-Home (DTH). The DTH satellites used considerably smaller receiving dishes.

Until February 1979, Telesat had a legal monopoly on Earth Stations Antennas in Canada. In 1992, the federal government of Canada sold its stake in Telesat Canada to Alouette Telecommunications, Ltd., a company jointly owned by Stentor Canadian Network Management, including Bell, and Spar Aerospace. In 1998 Telesat was sold to Bell Canada Enterprises (BCE) and began the move towards launching and owning its own DTH satellites. (Within two years, Bell had also acquired Canada’s international satellite carrier, Teleglobe, which it held until selling the international satellite carrier in 2006 to Loral Space & Communications).

On December 18th, 2006, satellite communications company Loral Space & Communications announced that it, along with Canada's Public Sector Pension Investment Board (PSP Investments), would acquire Telesat for 2.8 billion USD.

On October 5th, 2007 Loral Space & Communications, Inc. and the Public Pension Investment Board of Canada received the final regulatory approval necessary to complete the acquisition of Telesat from BCE, Inc. for CAD $3.25 billion. The acquisition closed on October 31st, 2007, with Loral owning 64% of Telesat.

At the same time, Telesat Canada merged with Loral Skynet, a subsidiary of Loral Space & Communications. Loral Skynet was a full-service global satellite operator headquartered in Bedminster, New Jersey, USA. This resulted in the transfer of all of the assets of Loral Skynet to Telesat.

The company was now the fourth-largest fixed satellite services provider in the world. It owns a fleet of 14 satellites and operates 13 additional satellites for other entities.

Telesat carries Canada's two major DBS providers signals: Bell TV and Shaw Direct, as well as more than 200 of Canada's television channels.

Telesat's Anik-F2 carries a 'Spot Beam' Ka-band payload for satellite Internet access for users in the United States and Canada. The Ka-band system uses 'Spot Beams' to manage bandwidth concerns, linking to multiple satellite ground stations connected to the Internet.

Telesat is also operating the Nimiq-series satellites, the DTH satellites that are serving customers in the USA and Canada. The Nimiq-1, -2, -4, -5 and -6 are located at 82° to 91° W.

Loral Skynet provided a wide range of video and data transmission services. It became a subsidiary of Loral Space & Communications when Loral acquired it in 1997 from AT&T Corporation.

Skynet’s fleet consisted of Telstar-11N, -12, -14R (Estrela do Sul 2) and Telstar-18. In 2003, Skynet sold its North American satellite fleet (Telstar-5 through -8 and -13) to Intelsat; they were renamed Intelsat Americas 5–8 and 13. This was done to help reduce debt after its parent, Loral Space & Communications, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on July 15, 2003. As part of the agreement, Skynet was precluded from competing in the North American market until March 18th, 2006. In June 2007, Loral Space & Communications made an unsuccessful bid to acquire Intelsat.

On November 17th, 2010 Telesat Holdings, Inc. hired JPMorgan Chase & Co., Morgan Stanley and Credit Suisse Group, AG. to start a formal sales process and offer so-called staple financing (pre-arranged financing package offered to potential bidders during an acquisition) to interest buyers for 6 to 7 billion USD.


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References:

www.wikipedia.com
www.telesat.com
www.loral.com
www.wta.com
www.satbeams.com
www.space.skyrocket.de
www.broadcasting-history.ca




Satellites

Anik-F1

Oribital Position: 107° W
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 21 Nov 2000
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Anik-F2 (CANSAT KA-4)

Orbital Position: 111° W
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 18 July 2004
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5 G+
Expected life time: 15 years

Anik-F1R
 
Orbital Position: 107° W
Manufacturer: EADS Astrium (Airbus Defense & Space)
Launch date: 09 Sept 2005
Launch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton M
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Anik-F3
 
Orbital Position: 119° W
Manufacturer: EADS Astrium (Airbus Defense & Space)
Launch date: 09 Apr 2007
Launch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton M
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Youtube: Watch the Anik-F3 satellite launch!

Anik-G1
 
Orbital Position: 107° W
Manufacturer: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 15 Apr 2013
Launch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton M
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Youtube: Watch the Anik-G1 satellite launch!

Telstar-12 (Orion-2)

Orbital Position: 15° W
Manufacturer: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 19 Oct 1999
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44LP
Expected lifetime: 13 years

Note: Orion Network Systems owned the Orion-2 satellite when it was acquired by Loral Skynet in 1998. Loral Skynet renamed the satellite in Telstar-12. It is now operated by Telesat when it merged with Loral Skynet in 2006.
 

Telstar-18 (APSTAR-5, APSTAR-V)

Orbital Postion: 138° E
Manufacturer: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 29 June 2004
Launch Operator: Sea Launch A.G.
Launch vehicle: Zenit 3SL
Expected lifetime: 13 years

Note: Transferred from Loral Skynet acquisition during built. Telesat is leasing capacity to APT Satellite and SingTel Singapore that are branding it under APSTAR-5 (APSTAR-V).
 

Telstar-11N (Telstar-11R)

Orbital Position: 37° W
Manufacturer: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 26 Feb 2009
Launch Operator: Space International services - SIS (Land Launch)
Launch vehicle: Zenit 3SLB
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Transferred from Loral Skynet.
 
Youtube: Watch the Telesat Telstar-11N satellite launch!

Telstar-14R (Estrela do Sul-2, EDS-2)

Orbital Position: 63° W
Manufacturer: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 20 May 2011
Launch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton M
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Transferred from Loral Skynet acquisition during built. Telstar-14R was replacing Telstar-14 that had a reduced life-span since its North solar array did not fully deploy. Telstar-14R had the same problem.

Youtube: Watch the Telstar-14R satellite launch!

Telstar-12V (12 Vantage)

Orbital Position: 15° W
Manufacturer: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 24-Nov-2015
Launch Operator: MHI Launch Services
Launch vehicle: H-IIA (Japan)
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Satellite will replace Telstar-12 that became EOL.

YouTube: Please watch the Telstar-12V Satellite launch!
 

Telstar-18V (APSTAR-5C)

Orbital Postion: 138° E
Manufacturer: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 2017
Launch Operator: TBD
Launch vehicle: TBD
Expected life time: 15 years


Note: The Telstar-18V(intage) / APSTAR-5C satellite will replace Telstar-18 (APSTAR-5) that will reach EOL on 2017. The Telstar-18V / APSTAR-5C is procured by Telesat Canada is leasing capacity to APT Satellite.

Telstar-19V (19 Vantage)

Orbital Position: 63° W
Manufacturer: Space Systems/Loral (SS/L)
Launch date: 2018 (estimated)
Launch Operator: TBD
Launch vehicle: TBD
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: The Telstar-19V Satellite will be co-located with Telstar-14R.