Space International Services – SIS (Land Launch)
Land Launch refers to a service product of Sea Launch A.G. There is no entity or company called Land Launch but Sea Launch A.G. created the Land Launch services that is offering launch services for lighter satellites that can be launched directly into geosynchronous orbit (GSO), an temporary orbit for one day or into geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO), while Sea Launch continued to address the heavy satellite launch market.
In 2002, Sea Launch A.G. created Land Launch with its Russian and Ukrainian partners: Space International Services (SIS). The company was created to be able to provide the launch services and launch operations to commercial and government customers using not only the two-stage, but also for three-stage Zenit launch vehicles to conduct launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 45/1 in Kazakhstan.
Land Launch missions differ from Sea Launch missions in that the Zenit-3SLB is used, as opposed to the Zenit-3SL that is used by Sea Launch A.G. The Zenit-3SLB utilizes substantially the same components as the Zenit-3SL but a smaller payload fairing is used to accommodate the smaller satellites launched from its northern operating location.
The first launch was conducted on 28 April 2008 at 05:00 GMT, when a Zenit-3SLB was used to place Isrealian Spacecom's AMOS-3 communications satellite, into a geosynchronous orbit.
A second launch was completed on February 26th, 2009 when Land Launch successfully launched the Telesat's Telstar 11N mission.
A commercial version of the two-stage Zenit-2M, the Zenit-2SLB, is also offered for commercial launches utilizing Land Launch. However no launches have been contracted for this smaller rocket.
The Zenit-2 rocket is also launched from Baikonur in Kazakhstan. These launch services is marketed as Land Launch.
SIS has combined strength and experience of major Russian and Ukrainian space industry companies that have vast experience in space-related disciplines and programs:
State Design Office ‘Yuzhnoye’ named after M.K. Yangel (Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine). Its heritage includes Zenit, Cyclone and Dnepr launch vehicles and a number of military and civil satellites.
Rocket and Space Corporation ‘Energia’ named after S.P. Korolev (Korolev, Russia). Energia contributed to the first artificial satellite and first manned-flight, Also, among the remarkable milestones are Mir Space Station, International Space Station (ISS) and Energia-Buran shuttle.
TsENKI (Center for Ground-Based Space Infrastructure) headquartered in Moscow, Russia). TsENKI is the civil operator of the Russian launch site facilities and supports operations for each third launch in the world.
Yuzhmash, headquartered in Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine is a manufacturer of the Zenit launch vehicle as well as many other vehicles like Cyclone and Dnepr and military and civil-purpose satellites.
UGMK (Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company) located in Verkhnyaya Pyshma, Russia. Being one the most effective Russian companies, UGMK contributed into the modernization of the Land Launch system to support modern hardware requirements and accommodate customer’s needs.