Arabsat


The Arab Satellite Communications Organization (Arabsat) is a leading communications satellite operator in the Arab World, headquartered in the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Arabsat was created to deliver satellite-based, public and private telecommunications services to the Arab States, in accordance with International Standards. With more than 20 member countries, the organization plays a vital role of enhancing communications in the Arab World.

The Arabsat satellites are a series of geostationary communications satellites launched from 1985 through 2011. Some of the later satellites in the series remain operational in orbit, while others have been retired and were put in a orbital graveyard.


History

The establishment of Arab Satellite Communications Organization (Arabsat) goes back to the end of the 1960's. In 1967, information ministers of Arab states developed a series of principles in relation to a satellite network. The goal of this network was to create an integration among the countries of the Arab League in terms of the social and cultural activities. On the other hand, the Arab States Broadcasting Union (ASBU) was founded in 1969. Saudi Arabia did not join this Egypt-led and Cairo-based union until 1974, most probably due to the tense relationship between Saudi Arabia and Egypt at that time.

On April 14, 1976, Arabsat was formed under Arab League jurisdiction to serve the information, cultural and educational needs of its member states. Saudi Arabia was the main financier of the new organization due to its expanded financial resources as a result of oil-boom period. Also Arabsat's headquarters was already located in Riyadh.

A French Ariane rocket performed the first launch Arabsat-1A. The U.S. space shuttle Discovery launched Arabsat's second satellite, Arabsat-1B, in 1985. Arabsat-1A and -1B were taken out of operation in 1992 and 1993, respectively. They were put in an orbital graveyard.


Shareholders

All Arab League states except for Comoros are shareholders of Arabsat:

Saudi Arabia 36.7%
Kuwait 14.6%
Libya 11.3%
Qatar 9.8%
United Arab Emirates 4.7%
Jordan 4%
Lebanon 3.8%
Bahrain 2.5%
Syria 2.1%
Iraq 1.9%
Algeria 1.7%
Yemen 1.7%
Egypt 1.6%
Oman 1.2%
Tunisia 0.7%
Morocco 0.6%
Sudan 0.3%
Mauritania 0.3%
Palestinian Authority 0.2%
Somalia 0.2%
Djibouti 0.1%


References

www.wikipedia.com
www.wta.com
www.arabsat.com
www.satbeams.com
www.intelsat.com
www.space.skyrocket.de
www.satflare.com
www.tbs-satellite.com



Satellites

Arabsat-1C (INSAT-2R)

Orbital Position: 31° E
Manufacturer: Aerospatiale (Thales Alenia Space)
Launch date: 26 Feb 1992
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 12 years

Note: Arabsat sold the Arabsat-1C to Insat in Nov 1997 that replaced their INSAT-2D satellite and renamed to INSAT-2R. In Oct 2004 the spacecraft was retired.
 

Arabsat-2A

Orbital Position: 26° E
Manufacturer: Aerospatiale (Thales Alenia Space)
Launch date: 09-July-1996
Launch Operator: Arianespace
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: The satellite was retired in June 2005.

Arabsat-2B

Orbital Position: 35° E
Manufacturer: Thales Alenia Space
Launch date: 13 Nov 1996
Launch Operator: Arianespace
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 14 years

Note: Satellite was retired in Jan 2013.
 

Arabsat-2C (PAS-5, Intelsat-5, BADR-C )

Orbital Position: 157° W (inclined)
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing)
Launch date: 27 Aug 1997
Launch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton K
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: PanAmSat (Intelsat) leased the C-band capacity of PAS-5 to Arabsat in May 2002 since their Arabsat-3A was partially defuncted. PanAmSat was acquired by Intelsat in 2007 when the satellite was renamed.
 

BADR-3 (Arabsat-3A)

Orbital Position: 1° E
Manufacturer: Thales Alenia Space
Launch date: 26 Feb 1999
Launch Operator: Arianespace
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Satellite was retired in Aug 2009.
 

BADR-4A
 
Orbital Position: -
Manufacturer: Thales Alenia Space
Launch date: 26 Feb 1999
Launch Operator: Arianespace
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Satellite was lost after a launch failure. BADR-6 was ordered to replace it.
 

BADR-4 (Arabsat-4B)

Orbital Position: 26° E
Manufacturer: EADS Astrium (Airbus Defense & Space)
Launch date: 09 Nov 2006
Lanch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton M
Expected lifetime: 15 years

BADR-5 (Arabsat-5B)

Orbital Position: 26° E
Manufacturer: EADS Astrium (Airbus Defense & Space)
Launch date: 03 June 2010
Launch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton M
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Arabsat-5A
 
Orbital Position: 31° E
Manufacturer: EADS Astrium (Airbus Defense & Space)
Launch date: 26 June 2010
Launch Operator: Arianespace
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Arabsat-5C

Orbital Position: 20° E
Manufacturer: EADS Astrium (Airbus Defense & Space)
Launch date: 21 Sept 2011
Launch Operator: Arianespace
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15 years

BADR-6 (Arabsat-4C, Arabsat-4AR)

Orbital Position: 26° E
Manufacturer: EADS Astrium (Airbus Defense & Space)
Launch date: 07 July 2008
Launch Operator: Arianespace
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: BADR-6 replaced the Arabsat-4A that was lost in space.
 

BADR-7 (Arabsat-6B)

Orbital Position: 26° E
Manufacturer: EADS Astrium (Airbus Defense & Space)
Launch date: 11 Nov 2015
Launch Operator: Arianespace
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Dual launch with ISRO's GSAT-15 Satellite.

YouTube: Watch the launch of the Arabsat-6B (BADR-7) satellite.
 

Arabsat-6E

Orbital Position: 34° E
Manufacturer: TBD
Launch date: 01-Jan 2020 (planned)
Launch Operator: TBD
Launch vehicle: TBD
Expected life time: 15 years