Pasifik Satelit Nusantara (PSN)
Pasifik Satelit Nusantara (PSN) is the first private satellite company in Indonesia and one of the five national satellite operators that owns an orbital slot and operates its own satellites. Started as a satellite transponder provider, today PSN grew as a satellite-based information and communication serviceprovider in the Indonesian satellite communication industry for more than 28 years with the biggest satellite capacity in Indonesia. PSN is focused on the Asia-Pacific region to provide innovative communications solutions.
In October 2014 PSN ordered the Nusantara 1 (Nusantara Satu, PSN 6) satellite with Space Systems/Loral (SS/L). The satellite, with both C-band and Ku-band transponders, will be used for voice and data communications, broadband Internet, and video distribution throughout South-East Asia and included a High Throughput Satellite (HTS) payload for service in Indonesia.
Nusantara 1 was launched on 22 February 2019 by launch operator SpaceX on a Falcon 9 rocket. The satellite is located at 146° East longitude and is designed to deliver service for 15 years or longer. It uses its next-generation electric propulsion system for station keeping.
In 2019 PSN selected Kratos Defense & Security Solutions, Inc. to deliver the ground station monitoring solution to support Nusantara 1 High-Throughput Satellite (VHTS) in the Indonesia region.
PSN planned to continue its ongoing fleet expansion with a new satellite carrying 300Gbps of capacity by 2023. Owning a 300Gbps satellite could position PSN as an operator with one of the highest capacity geostationary satellites in the world. Only Viasat, Eutelsat, Inmarsat and Hughes (Boeing) have announced plans for geostationary satellites with higher amounts of capacity.
The company is still designing the satellite, that will have significantly more capacity on it than its previous satellites. PSN created a joint venture company (PT Palapa Satelit Nusa Sejahtera (PSNS)) with Indosat Ooredoo (formerly PT Indosat Tbk), to order the second satellite with Chinese CAST. The new 10Gbps satellite is scheduled for launch in April 2020.
The Nusantara Dua (Nusantara 2, formerly Palapa-N1) satellite, would replace the Palapa-D satellite, located at 113° East longitude, to serve broadband internet access and high-quality broadcasting services.
PSN is preparing a third satellite, but will design it to the specifications provided by the Indonesian government, which called for 150Gbps of capacity. PSN won a competition to prepare and operate a broadband satellite called SATRIA, expected to launch in 2022. The Indonesian government will use all of its capacity. PSN selected Thales Alenia Space to build the SATRIA satellite.
In April 2020 the Nusantara 2 satellite failed to launch orbit. The satellite was carried by the Long March 3B rocket, operated by Chinese launch operator CGWIC. Due to an anomaly during the third stage of rocket separation, the satellite could not reach its predetermined orbit and was declared total loss. The Nusantara 2 is covered by insurance that fully covers satellite launch and operational risks.
In September 2020 PSN signed an agreement with Thales Alenia Space to built and deliver the High Throughput Satellite (HTS) SATRIA. The full Ka-band SATRIA satellite, to be positioned at 146°E, will carry more than 150Gbps over the full Indonesian territory. Dedicated to narrow the digital divide, SATRIA has the ambition to connect around 145,000 areas including 90,000 schools, 40,000 hospitals and public buildings as well as regional government sites not linked by existing satellite or terrestrial infrastructure. The satellite will contribute to the digital infrastructure developments in Indonesia.
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