The China Aerospace Science & Technology Corp. (CASC) is one of the Fortune Global 500 firms, is a large state-owned enterprise group with its own independent intellectual properties and famous brands, outstanding innovative capabilities.CASC is the main contractor for the space program of the Chinese Government (ChinaSat).
The group is state-owned and has a number of subordinate entities which designs, develops and manufactures a range of spacecraft, launch vehicles, strategic and tactical missile systems and ground equipment. CASC was officially established in July 1999 as part of a Chinese government reform drive, having previously been one part of the former China Aerospace Corporation. Various incarnations of the program date back to 1956.
CASC is headquartered in Bejing and owns over 130 organizations, including eight large research and production entities including:
- China Academy of Launch Technology (CALT),
- Academy of Aerospace Solid Propulsion Technology (AASPT),
- China Academy of Space Technology (CAST),
- Academy of Aerospace Propulsion Technology (AALPT),
- Sichuan Academy of Space Flight Technology (SAST),
- Shanghai Academy of Space Flight Technology (SASFT),
- China Academy of Space Electronics Technology (CASET) and
- China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics (CAAA).
China Aerospace Science & Technology Corp. is also the parent company of specialized businesses such as the China Satellite Communications Corporation (ChinaSat) and China Great Wall Industry Corporation (CGWIC) launch operator that operates the Long March 3M launchers.
CASC is developing various kinds of satellites. Since 1970 CASC has developed and delivered more than 200 satellites for clients both for domestic and abroad, and formed the satellite series such as communications satellites, navigation satellites, remote sensing satellites, and scientific exploration and technical test satellites. The technology and applications as well as the reliability and lifespan of these satellites have gradually reached the international advanced level.
CASC has developed, manufactured and launched commercial spacecraft for satellite operators AUSSAT (Optus Australia), RSCC from Russia, AsiaSat, ArabSat, ChinaSat, APT Satellite, NigComSat from Nigeria, Belintersat from The Republic of Belarus and observation, scientific and military satellites for the Government of China.
Along with space and defense manufacture, CASC also produces a number of high-end civilian products such as machinery, chemicals, communications equipment, transportation equipment, computers, medical care products and environmental protection equipment. CASC provides commercial launch services to the international market and is one of the world’s most advanced organizations in the development and deployment of high-energy propellant technology, strap-on boosters, and launching multiple satellites atop a single rocket. By the end of 2013, the corporation has registered capital of 45 billion USD and employs 170,000 people.
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Satellites manufactured by CASC
APSTAR-9 (MySAT-1) at 142° East
BeiDou Navigation Satellite System
ChinaSat-10 (ZX-10, SinoSat-5) at 110.5° East
ChinaSat-11 (ZX-11, SupremeSAT-2) at 98° East
ChinaSat-16 (ZX-16, Shi Jian 13, SJ-13) at 110.5° East
ChinaSat-18 (ZX-18) at 116° East (lost)
ChinaSat-6A (ZX-6A, SinoSat-6) at 125° East
ChinaSat-6D (ZX-6D) at 125° East
ChinaSat-9A (ZX-9A, SinoSat-4) at 101° East
ChinaSat-9B (ZX-9B) at 101° East
Nusantara Dua (Nusantara 2, Palapa-N1) at 113° East (Launch failure)
Palapa-D (Palapa-D1) at 113° East
Túpac Katari 1 (TKSat-1) at 87° West