Türksat


Türksat Satellite Communications and Cable TV Operations is the communications satellite operator in Turkey. It was founded on 21 December 1990 as a government company named Türksat Milli Haberleşme Uyduları (Türksat National Communications Satellites) in Gölbaşı, Ankara Province, eventually also incorporating the satellite services of Türk Telekomünikasyon A.Ş. and becoming Türksat A.Ş. on 22 July 2004. Türksat A.Ş. also owns 100% of the shares of Eurasiasat S.A.M., jointly established as a spin-off company with Aérospatiale in 1996 to manufacture and launch Türksat-2A (Eurasiasat-1) in 2001. Türksat has its satellite operations located at the Gölbaşı Earth Station in Ankara.

 

History

Türksat Corporation was established in June 2004 by the Telegram and Telephone Act. Accordingly, it started to operate satellites in orbit positions and to perform commercial operations on 22nd July 2004 governed by the provisions of the Turkish Trade Act and the private law.

 

Key dates:


1968

Satellite Telecommunication Group Chief Engineering was established within the structure of the General Directorate of Post Telephone Telegram (PTT). Also that year Turksat became a member of the Intelsat (International Organization for Telecommunication via Satellites) Organization. In the same year, the first telephone channels through the satellites were established by utilizing the ground stations of Yugoslavia and Iran.

 

April 1979

The first satellite ground station AKA-1 (Ankara-1) was put into service by the establishment of 11 telephone channels with England. By putting the AKA-1 into service, communication was established with 13 countries by using the Atlantic Region satellites through Intelsat.


April 1985

The fiber optic cable which increased the channel capacity in the telecommunication was installed underground for the first time between Ankara (Ulus) – Gölbaşı Satellite Ground Center, and the system of 140 Mb/s in the wave length of 1310 nm was put into service.


November 1985

AKA-2 ground station operating with the Eutelsat system was put into service.


March 1987

A video conference through a satellite system was performed in Europe for the first time in the country.


December 1990

'Türksat National Telecommunication Satellites' contract was signed with the French Aérospatiale (Airbus Defense & Space) Company .


August 1994

Türksat-1B was launched located successfully in the orbit of 42° East.


October 1994

Türksat-1B entered into service following the orbit tests.


July 1996

Turkey’s second satellite Türksat-1C was launched into the space and located in the orbit of 31.3° E.


November 1996

The association contract of the Eurasiasat established with the partnership of the Aérospatiale (Airbus Defense & Space) that manufactured the Türksat satellites and the Turkish Telecom was signed.


November 1996

The Company started operation to be responsible for the construction of the Türksat-2A satellite and the marketing of its services under the name of the Eurasiasat S.A.M.


January 2001

Türksat-2A (Eurasiasat-1) satellite manufactured by the Eurasiasat Company established with the partnership of the Turkish Telecom and Aérospatiale (Airbus Defense & Space) was launched into the space by Arianespace with the Ariane 4 rocket from the Kourou Base in South America.


July 2004

Türksat Corporation was established


13 June 2008

Türksat-3A satellite was launched on 13 June 2008 at 01:05 from the French Guyana by Arianespace with the Ariane 5 rocket, and it was located in the orbit of 42.0° East.



References:

www.turksat.com.tr
www.wikipedia.com
www.satbeams.com
www.spacevids.tv



Satellites 

Türksat-1A

Oribital Position: -
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 24 Jan 1994
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A. 
Launch vehicle: Ariane 4
Expected lifetime: 10 years

Note: Satellite was lost due to a launch failure.

Türksat-1B

Oribital Position: 42° E
Manufacturer: Hughes Satellite Systems (Boeing CSS)
Launch date: 11 Aug 1994
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 4
Expected lifetime: 10 years

Note: Satellite is retired.
 

Türksat-1C

Oribital Position: 31° E (inclined)
Manufacturer: Thales Alenia Space
Launch date: 10 July 1996
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44L
Expected life time: 15 years

Note: Satellite is retired. On July 16 2008, all traffic on Türksat-1C was transferred to Türksat-3A. After this date the satellite was moved to 31.3°E and is being used in inclined orbit.

Türksat-2A (EurasiaSat-1)

Oribital Position: 42° E inclined
Manufacturer: Thales Alenia Space
Launch date: 10 Jan 2001
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 44P
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: In September 2014 all traffic was transferred to Türksat-4ATürksat-2A will broadcast a few TV channels until its end of mission in 2016.
 

Türksat-3A

Oribital Position: 42° E
Manufacturer: Thales Alenia Space
Launch date: 12 June 2008
Launch Operator: Arianespace S.A.
Launch vehicle: Ariane 5ECA
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Note: Replacing Türksat-1C

Youtube: Please check the Türksat-3A satellite launch!
 

Türksat-4A

Oribital Position: 42° E
Manufacturer: Thales Alenia Space
Launch date: 14 Feb 2014
Launch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton M
Expected lifetime: 15 years

Youtube: Please check the launch of the Türksat-4A satellite

Türksat-4B

Oribital Position: 50° E
Manufacturer: Mitubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO)
Launch date: 16 Oct 2015
Launch Operator: International Launch Services (ILS)
Launch vehicle: Proton M
Expected lifetime: 15 years

YouTube: Watch the video of the Türksat-4B launch