Satellite footprints

GeoOptics CICERO LEO satellite constellation

Manufacturer:Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems Inc.
Launch operators:Arianespace
 GK Launch Services
 Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
Launch vehicles:Falcon 9
Launch date:
Expected lifetime:10 Years

GeoOptics CICERO LEO satellite constellation

The GeoOptics CICERO LEO satellite constellation is operated by GeoOptics, an environmental data company that carries out daily weather forecasting, environmental monitoring, and research activities. The company focuses exclusively on weather data with a constellation of 24 LEO satellites (CubeSats) called CICERO (Community Initiative for Cellular Earth Remote Observation).

Founded in 2006, GeoOptics is privately held and gathers data that solves problems making use of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals, such as those from the GPS constellation, to examine the Earth’s atmosphere in fine detail.

The company developed CICERO 115 kg Micro-satellites together with the University of Colorado Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) using the TriG GNSS-RO payload developed to fly on the FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 mission, a Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere & Climate, an international collaboration between NSPO from Taiwan and the NOAA from the USA. Later during development, the massive miniaturization of the GNSS-RO payload, Cion, allowed the satellite design to be changed to a much smaller 6U CubeSat-based version built by satellite manufacturer Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems.

The CICERO constellation provides the highest quality radio occultation data that is made available to potential commercial or government customers. The constellation is designed to create the most detailed picture ever assembled of the Earth’s ionosphere, atmosphere, surface and subsurface.

CICERO satellites are launched mainly as secondary payloads and with RideShare launches:

  • CICERO 6 was the company’s first satellite and was launched in June 2017 on a PSLV-XL rocket operated by ISRO from India. Three more satellites, the CICERO 1, -2 and -3 followed in July of that same year on a Russian Soyuz-2-1a Fregat booster, operated by GK Launch Services. Reportedly these three satellites are all inoperative after deployment.
  • On January 12th, 2018 the CICERO 7was successfully launched from India on a PSLV-XL rocket, operated by ISRO.
  • One more satellite,the CICERO 10 (Tyvak-0086), was launched in November 2018 from New Zealand on an Electron KS rocket operated by SmallSat launch operator Rocket Lab.
  • CICERO 8 (Tyvak-0076) was launched in November 2018 on ISRO’s PSLV-CA launcher from India.
  • On September 3rd, 2020 the OSM-1/CICERO(Tyvak-0088) CubeSat was launched on a Vega rocket operated by Arianespace from the Kourou launch base in French Guiana.
  • On May 25th, 2022 launch operator SpaceX orbited CICERO-2/VEH 1 and CICERO-2/VEH 2 CubeSats with their Transporter-5 RideShare mission with a Falcon 9 rocket. The spacecraft are the first phase of GeoOptics’s CICERO-2 constellation, which form a unified Earth observatory allowing governments, industry, and individual stakeholders to monitor and prepare for the many impacts of climate change.

    Satellite Mission Launch Date Launcher Launch Operator
    CICERO 1 Canopus-V-IK July 14th, 2017 Soyuz-2 GK Launch RUS
    CICERO 2 Canopus-V-IK July 14th, 2017 Soyuz-2 GK Launch RUS
    CICERO 3 Canopus-V-IK July 14th, 2017 Soyuz-2 GK Launch RUS
    CICERO 4   na    
    CICERO 5   na    
    CICERO 6 PSLV-C38/CartoSat-2 June 23rd, 2017 PSLV-XL ISRO India
    CICERO 7 (Tyvak-0085) PSLV-C40/CartoSat-2 Jan 12th, 2018 PSLV-XL ISRO India
    CICERO 8 (Tyvak-0076) PSLV-C43/HysIS Nov 29th, 2018 PSLV-CA ISRO India
    CICERO 9   na    
    CICERO 10 (Tyvak-0086) ‘It-Is-Business-Time’ Nov 11th, 2018 Electron Rocket Lab NZ
    CICERO 11   na    
    CICERO 12   na    
    OSM-1 (Tyvak-0088) VV-16 Sept 3rd, 2020 Vega Arianespace FG
    CICERO-2/VEH 1 Transporter-5 May 25th. 2022 Falcon 9 SpaceX USA
    CICERO-2/VEH 2 Transporter-5 May 25th. 2022 Falcon 9 SpaceX USA

GeoOptics CICERO LEO satellite constellation

CICERO satellite in orbit
CICERO-2 integrated with CubeSats by Terran Orbital